5 Types of Dental Implants
Dental implants are a popular, permanent treatment for missing, cracked, or damaged teeth. If you’re considering implants, you have a few different options to choose from. Here are five types of dental implants Toronto and implant procedures:
1. Endosteal Implants
Endosteal implants are the most popular type of dental implant. With this type, the implant is surgically placed into the jaw. Over the next several months, the jaw and gums heal around the implant. Once the mouth is fully healed and ready, the dentist performs a second surgery to expose the implant and connect a post to it. Then, the dentist places a crown over the post. You can have just one endosteal implant placed in your jaw, or you can have multiple.
2. Subperiosteal Implants
Subperiosteal implants are made up of a metal frame that fits onto the jawbone right below the gum tissue. While endosteal implants are surgically placed in the jaw, subperiosteal implants don’t actually enter the jawbone. As the jaw heals around subperiosteal implants, part of the implants protrude through the gums, so the dentist doesn’t have to surgically expose the implant when it’s time to attach the post. These implants are good for people with small or shallow jawbones that can’t support the traditional implants or for people who want a less complicated surgery.
3. Single Stage Implants
The single stage dental implant procedure is commonly used with subperiosteal implants. Single stage implants are longer than regular implants, so the head pokes out from the gums even after the mouth heals. This way, the dentist doesn’t need to perform a second surgery to expose the implant when attaching the post. Dentists usually only recommend these implants when there is a minimal risk of infection.
4. Two Stage Implants
The two stage implant procedure is often used with endosteal implants. Two stage implants go directly into the jaw and are completely covered after the first surgery. When the jaw heals from the initial implant surgery, the dentist performs an additional minor surgery to expose the implant and attach the post.
5. Mini and Micro Implants
Mini and micro implants are not as common as the other types of implants, but they are sometimes used when the space between the patient’s teeth is too small for a regular implant. They take up less space and use smaller bolts, but they’re still a more secure tooth replacement option than most other treatments. Mini implants are less than a millimeter smaller than a regular implant, but this size can make a big difference in dental work. Micro implants are even smaller than mini implants.